Interesting facts about diamonds
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- The word "Diamond" comes from the Greek word "Adamas" and this means "unconquerable and indestructible".
- In 1477 the Archduke of Austria gave a diamond to Mary of Burgundy. This was the earliest record of man giving diamond to a woman.
- Diamonds worn in ancient times were believed to promote strength, invincibility and courage.
- To produce a single one-carat diamond, 250 tons of earth will be mined.
- The diamond is the hardest natural substance found on the earth.
- Diamond is a birthstone for people born in the month of April.
- Diamonds were first discovered in India and then in Brazil.
- Diamonds have very large melting point of 3820K (3547' C/ 6420' F) and a boiling point of 5100K (4827' C/ 8720' F).
- Most diamonds found in nature are between one to three billion years old.
- A single diamond of two carats is worth more than twice a much as 2 one carat diamonds.
- On average, each stone will lose 50% of its original weight during cutting and polishing.
- Diamonds are carried to the surface by volcanic eruptions.
- Although the US accounts for less than one-percent of total global gemstone production, America buys more than half of the world's total gem quality diamonds - accounting for the world's largest diamond market.
- There are white dwarf stars in space that have a diamond core. Biggest diamond known in universe weights 2.27 thousand trillion trillion tons which is 10 billion trillion trillion carats, or a 1 followed by 34 zeros.
- The largest diamond ever found was the Cullinan at 3106 carats.
- 80% of the world's diamonds are not suitable for jewelry.
- Color of diamond is usually pale yellow to colorless, but can also be brown, blue, green, orange, red, pink and black.
- The Crater of Diamonds State Park in Arkansas is the worlds only diamond mine open to the public — this is a dig-for-free operation for tourists and rock enthusiasts.
- Since as far back as 1906, there have been more than 70,000 diamonds discovered in the Crater of Diamonds State Park in Arkansas — this includes the 40.23 carat "Uncle Sam Diamond" — the largest diamond of its kind ever found in the US discovered in 1924.
- In traditional Hinduism diamond with some kind of flaw or flat or incut should be avoided because it carries bad luck.
- In Ancient and Middle Age time it was believed that diamond's hardiness can only be broken if diamond is smeared with fresh goat's blood.
- Greek historian Pliny wrote that "diamond baffles poison, keeps of insanity and dispels vain fears".
- Diamond Jubilee means 60 or 75 year anniversary.
- The ancient Greeks believed that diamonds were splinters of stars fallen on the earth.
- Romans believed that diamonds had the power to ward off evil and wore them as talismans. They inherited this belief from Indian mythology.
- A law in Thirteenth-century France decreed that only the King could wear diamonds.